New coating materials have been developed for fire protection, based on ceramizing and foaming polymer systems. The department also develops high-temperature insulation materials for protection against fire and heat, using intumescent, ablative, ceramizing and rapid cooling processes. Intumescent coatings develop functionalities at high temperatures. The coatings swell and form an insulating foam which protects the coated material from heat. In addition, endothermic reactions can generate a cooling effect.
In the field of flame protection, established halogen-containing flame retardants are increasingly being replaced by halogen-free alternatives. Besides their performance, the effects of these substances on the material properties also play a decisive role. Current research topics include halogen-free flame retardants for epoxy resin systems which have minimal influence on the glass transition temperature.